Acne is a skin condition that causes pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads to appear on the face, chest and back areas of the body. The body produces acne due to excess oil production in the skin. Usually, excessive oil production is linked to hormonal imbalances, poor, diet, stress, and certain medications. When the skin produces too much oil, the body’s hair follicles become clogged with bacteria. The bacteria and oil lead to inflammation which creates pimples.
Acne products work to fight pimples by eliminating excess oil and bacteria externally or internally. Acne treatments range from topical products like cream, gel, and face wash to medications in pill or ointment form. The best thing for acne sufferers to do is visit a dermatologist. A dermatologist will be able to examine the person’s skin to determine the type of acne they have and the treatments that will be effective. People with acne should also do some research about the products doctors recommend for their skin. Here are a few treatments that a person with acne might use.
Retinoids are prescription drugs made with vitamin A. Vitamin A encourages cell turnover which is key to fighting acne. The accumulation of dead skin cells leads to pimples. It also promotes collagen production and enzymes while hydrating the skin. Retinoid creams are popular treatments for people with acne.
- Salicylic acid
Salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid sourced from willow bark. Salicylic acid is used for its deep exfoliating properties. The acid goes beneath the skin’s surface to rid the pores of dirt and oil. Salicylic treatments range from face washes to medicated creams.
- Oral contraceptives
Oral contraceptives are primarily used for birth control, but researchers have found that certain contraceptives can eliminate can breakouts. Oral contraceptives work by regulating the estrogen and progestin hormones in the body. These hormones have a major impact on the skin and oil production. To use oral contraceptives, you must receive a prescription from a doctor.
Sulfur is a natural substance found near volcanoes and hot springs. Like benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid, sulfur dries out the skin to cut off the air supply to bacteria and oil. This product works well for blackhead and whiteheads. Oftentimes, people use sulfur products in conjunction with other acne treatments like retinoids.
- Benzoyl Peroxide
Benzoyl peroxide fights acne by stripping the skin of excess oil and bacteria. Benzoyl peroxide works by drying out the skin and making it peel. It is not recommended for people with sensitive skin due to its ultra-drying properties. Benzoyl peroxide is added to face washes and creams. People can buy benzoyl peroxide products over-the-counter or get prescription-strength medications from a doctor. Over-the-counter products have a 5% or lower concentration of the medication. Anything higher than that must be prescribed by a doctor.
By understanding the vast array of acne treatments on the market, you’ll be able to make a smart choice when it comes to using acne products.